Pigeons Pest Control

Columba livia var

These pests can harbour a multitude of diseases within their droppings that can cause health problems in human simply through inhalation.

pigeons pest control

Apex Pigeon Pest Control


The Feral Pigeon is found throughout Britain and also in most regions of the world.

Many people associate this bird with urban environments and as such it is sometimes called the “town pigeon”. However it is often also found in rural situations such as on farms.

Historically, these birds are descended from rock doves, which explain why they often nest on buildings and other structures, usually on ledges, under eaves or on girders.

Nests are constructed of grass and twigs but can also contain rubbish such as pieces of plastic.

The feral breeding population is boosted by racing pigeons or escaped birds from domestic pigeon lofts.

The peak-breeding season is between March and July but feral pigeons are capable of breeding all year round.

  • Size – 300-350mm
  • Weight – 275-550g
  • Plumage – Blue-greys, reds, blacks
  • Sexing – little visible difference

The brood usually consists of two off-white eggs laid on consecutive days. Incubation lasts for about 18 days and the hatched chicks are fledged after about 30 days.

Surprisingly, another clutch can be laid when the first young are only 20 days old. This means that up to nine broods can be produced per pair per year.


Feral pigeons tend to scavenge food, often at food premises, docks and mills, and flocks of several hundred birds can be common where spillage is abundant.

In urban environments, they are encouraged by members of the public feeding them birdseed, bread etc.


Hazards from pigeons and bird droppings:

  • Salmonella
  • Listeria
  • Protozoa
  • Rikkettsiales
  • Ecoli
  • Ornithosis
  • Psittacosis
  • Histoplasmosis

These can be inhaled through dust or by coming into contact with droppings themselves.


Apex Pigeon Pest Control Services carry out 2 methods of control and various methods of building proofing.

Shooting – The first method of control is by use of shooting. This is mainly inside factories or buildings where pigeons are roosting and nesting on ledges, girders, windowsills etc. The pigeon’s droppings produce a source of harmful diseases and pathogens which humans may come into contact with and produce fatal results. Shooting takes place after dark when the pigeons are roosting and reluctant to fly out of the building. After an area has been cleared, the access into the building needs if possible to be proofed to stop further infestation.

Trapping – the trapping of pigeons generally takes place on top of buildings or in areas pigeons feed, on a constant basis. This will require all food sources eliminating. The cage traps are then placed down and baited for several days with the doors left open. Once the birds are used to going into the traps to feed the doors are set so that the pigeon can enter traps but not access back through the opening. Water as well as food needs to be placed in the trap. Regular visits to the traps need to be carried out every 12-24 hours to remove trapped pigeons. Trapping may carry on for several days then a period left with the traps not set before re-trapping begins. On problem sites a 12-month contract may be required to maintain control. Non-target birds caught in the traps can be released unharmed. Large amounts of pigeons may be trapped using this method.

Bird Proofing – there are lots of different types of bird proofing to suit all situations, depending on how we grade the problem from low pressure to heavy pressure systems our options are from low pressure post and spring wire systems through to stainless steel spikes, electrical bird deterrent systems. Build proofing in heavy areas by fixing bird netting to the front of the building, which is tensioned. The netting may come in different colours to suit the building materials. Zips may be placed in the netting if required to allow access for maintenance.

All bird proofing work is carried out at heights so a thorough risk assessment needs to be carried out. Access from ladders (as a point of access) mobile elevated platforms or scaffolding may be required. The use of specialised tools and equipment as well as health hazards from bird droppings need to be considered before work commences.

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