Fleas Pest Control

Ctenocephalides canis / Ctenocephalides felis felis

Cats and dogs are the preferred hosts for cat/dog fleas, they are capable of feeding on humans, and frequently do.

fleas pest control

Fleas Pest Control by Apex

KEY FEATURES

The flea is small at around 2mm long, reddish brown in colour and its flattened laterally, a feature which enables it to move easily amongst the hair of its vertebrate host.

The most distinctive features of the flea are the large jumping legs and the row of black non-sensory spines on the front margin of the head and on the rear of the first thoracic segment. These bristles or combs are a diagnostic feature of the flea.

The eyes are apparent as are the antennae, and the mouthparts, adapted for piercing and sucking are typically seen projecting downwards from the head.

BIOLOGY

After mating, the female flea lays several hundred eggs in batches after each blood meal in the cat/dog’s fur, bedding, resting site and in areas where the cat/dog is to be found. The eggs are small (0.5mm) white and oval in shape.

From the egg emerges the larval stage, which is again white in colour, legless but covered in large bristles. The larvae are not bloodsuckers but feed on general organic debris, which is to be found in the lair of the cat/dog. When mature, the flea larva is about 5mm long and it spins a cocoon of silk, which very quickly gets covered in a large amount of dust and debris.

The pupa develops within the silken cocoon and when triggered by suitable stimuli such as vibration, the adults emerge to feed on the cat/dog.

DISTRIBUTION

Worldwide.

SIGNIFICANCE

Although the cat and dog are the preferred hosts for cat/dog fleas, they are capable of feeding on humans, and frequently do.

The distress caused by the bites can be considerable in cats, dogs and humans.

Vibration as a trigger for the adults to emerge from the pupa, mentioned above, frequently means that humans who go into an empty premise where cat/dogs had previously been “in residence” suffer a high level of attack.

CONTROL

Cat and dog fleas are treated in the same manor. If pets are living in the household and are the source of the problem they should be treated with a suitable veterinary product.

We would then treat the entire house with a residual insecticide to all areas and particularly where the pets frequent. This, when completed, will be followed with a ULV treatment. The house, after treatment, will need to be vacated for a minimum of 1 hour and whilst treatment is being carried out the house owner needs to be out of the area of treatment.

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